Citation Guide

Journal Article from Online Database or Website: Basic APA Format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. 

  • Online databases include ones such as CINAHL, EBSCO, ProQuest, and PubMed Central that are accessed through the Library’s website.
  • "Because online materials can potentially change URLs, APA recommends providing a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), when it is available. DOIs are an attempt to provide stable, long-lasting links for online articles. They are unique to their documents and consist of a long alphanumeric code. Many-but not all-publishers will provide an article's DOI". 
  • In an online library database, look for the DOI at the bottom of an article record.

  • If you cannot find a DOI for an article, include the URL of the journal homepage's in a Retrieved by statement.

Journal Article from Online Database or Website: APA Example with DOI


Nguyen, T. T., Gildengorin, G., Truong, A., & Mcphee, S. J. (2007). Factors influencing physicians' screening behavior for liver

      cancer among high-risk patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4), 523-6.



Journal Article from Online Database or Website: APA Example without DOI

Reich, D. B., Zanarini, M. C., & Fitzmaurice, G. (2012). Affective lability in bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder. 

Comprehensive Psychiatry, 53(3), 230-7. Retrieved from