Citation Guide

Creating a References Page at the End of the Paper: AMA Format

  • This is a separate page at the end of your paper. Each citation in the text must be listed on the References page; each listing on the References page must appear in the text. 
  • Left-justify the word References.  Then double space and start your list with 1.
  • References are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text of the paper.  Put a period after each number.
  • Single space each reference.  Double space between references.
  • If the citation extends to a second line, do NOT indent.

Sample AMA References Page


  1. Cornwall MW, Harris JH, Nyre E. Imaging Handbook for Physical Therapists. Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015.
  2. Rolf C. The Sports Injuries Handbook: Diagnosis and Management.  A&C Black; 2007.  Accessed June 5, 2019.
  3. Brown CJ, Flood KL. Mobility limitation in the older patient: A clinical review. JAMA. 2013;310(11):1168-1177.
  4. Smith JM, Sullivan SJ, Baxter GD. Massage therapy: More than a modality.  J Phys Ther. 2010;38(2): 44-51. Published July 2010. Accessed June 5, 2014.,ip,cpid&custid=s6269745&db=ccm&AN=2010738302&site=ehost-live&scope=site
  5. How much physical activity do adults need? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Last reviewed January 9, 2020. Accessed February 15, 2020.