Citation Guide

Creating a References Page at the End of the Paper: AMA Format

  • This is a separate page at the end of your paper. Each citation in the text must be listed on the References page; each listing on the References page must appear in the text. 
  • Left-justify the word References.  Then double space and start your list with 1.
  • References are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text of the paper.  Put a period after each number.
  • Single space each reference.  Double space between references.
  • If the citation extends to a second line, do NOT indent.

NOTE: These general guidelines come from the official AMA Manual of Style. If you cannot find an example that relates to your reference, please consult the AMA Manual of Style (10th edition) in the Library [REF R119 .A533 2007].

Sample AMA References Page


  1. Cornwall MW, Harris JH, Nyre E. Imaging Handbook for Physical Therapists. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015.
  2. Rolf C. The Sports Injuries Handbook: Diagnosis and Management. London: A&C Black; 2007.  Accessed June 5, 2014. 
  3. Brown CJ, Flood KL. Mobility limitation in the older patient: A clinical review. JAMA. 2013;310(11):1168-1177.
  4. Smith JM, Sullivan SJ, Baxter GD. Massage therapy: More than a modality.  J Phys Ther. 2010;38(2): 44-51.,ip,cpid&custid=s6269745&db=ccm&AN=2010738302&site=ehost-live&scope=site.  Published July 2010. Accessed June 5, 2014.
  5. How much physical activity do adults need? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site.  Last updated March 3, 2014. Accessed June 5, 2014.