Citation Guide

Overview of APA 7th ed.: Major Changes

Based on the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines released on October 1, 2019.

 

Paper Format

Page Headers: For student papers, the page header consists of the page number only. No running head! 
Font: Recommended fonts include 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 12-point Times New Roman
Title Page: Should include the title, author names, author affiliation, course number and name, instructor name, assignment due date, and page number.  Title Page Quick Guide
Sample Papers

 

In-Text Citations

Number of authors to include: For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation (even the first citation).

 

Reference Examples

Online resources: Include url at the end of the reference; do NOT include "Retrieved from".  

World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

Resource (article, e-book) found in a library database: Do NOT include a database name and do NOT include a url. Do include a DOI if there is one.

Nguyen, T. T., Gildengorin, G., Truong, A., & Mcphee, S. J. (2007). Factors influencing physicians' screening behavior for liver cancer among high-risk patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4), 523-6. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0128-1

Reich, D. B., Zanarini, M. C., & Fitzmaurice, G. (2012). Affective lability in bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 53(3), 230-7.

Government agency as author: When numerous layers of government agencies are listed as the author of a work, use the most specific agency as the author in the reference (e.g., use National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute rather than U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute). The names of parent agencies not present in the group author name appear after the title as the publisher.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2016, December). Cardiac rehabilitation. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cardiac-rehabilitation 

Books: Do NOT include the publisher location.

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2017).  Racism without the racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Rowman & Littlefield.

E-books: If the book does not have a DOI and comes from a library database, end the book reference after the publisher name. The citation will look exactly like a print book's.

Goodwin, G., & Sachs, G. (2010). Fast facts: Bipolar disorder. Health Press.  

YouTube Video: Add YouTube to the citation.

Bozeman Science. (2014, March 10). Integumentary system [Video]. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z5VnOS9Ke3g&feature=share&list=PL0mifQXDgbZy8-UR936WkJcALVm2qiVq3&index=3

 

Author Names in Reference List Entries

Individual Author Names: Provide last names and initials for up to and including 20 authors. When there are two to 20 authors, use an ampersand before the final author’s name.
Group Author Names: When numerous layers of government agencies are listed as the author of a work, use the most specific agency as the author in the reference. The names of parent agencies appear after the title as the publisher.

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. (2019, January 8). Heart failure fact sheet. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Control.   https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_failure.htm