NWTC's Copyright Policy is based on the Copyright Crash Course from the University of Texas. The Crash Course provides a great introduction to modern copyright usage in education. All faculty, staff, and students of the College should follow the copyright policy guidelines.
Because a copyright notice is no longer required for copyright protection, most modern works in physical or online media should be presumed to be protected (unless created by the United States Government or expressly stated by the copyright holder to be in the public domain). Copyright holders may also apply Creative Commons licenses which specify how their works can be used by others with proper attribution.
The Copyright Office Circular 22 explains how to determine the copyright status of a work. Uncopyrighted materials may be copied and shared freely.
By law, Copyright holders are the only ones allowed to do the following with their works unless they give permission or assign a Creative Common license dictating that others can do so with proper attribution:
NWTC employees may copy and distribute copyrighted materials without permission from the copyright holder if the practice constitutes "fair use" under the Copyright Act. The Copyright Office Circular 21 provides basic information and guidelines about educational exceptions from copyright law.
NWTC employees need to obtain permission from the copyright owner, when (a) the materials are copyrighted, (b) the proposed use exceeds what is permitted by any licenses, and (c) an analysis of the four-factor fair use test does not indicate that this is likely a fair use.
See the Common Copyright Scenarios at NWTC to learn more about permissions.
Employees who violate the Copyright policy will be personally responsible for their own defense. If permitted by the Wisconsin Constitution and statutes, Northeast Wisconsin Technical College will defend an employee against a charge that their use of another’s works is an infringement if the employee followed this policy and received permission or abided by the terms of licensing agreements.